Development of Postural Control

Typical and atypical postural control in infancy

During infancy postural control shows dramatic developmental changes. This is reflected by the fact that infants develop the ability to balance the head, to sit, to stand and to walk.

Postural control is well known for its complex organisation; it involves activity of virtually all parts of the nervous system. This is the main reason why in children with developmental disorders postural control is practically always impaired.

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Postural control in children with cerebral palsy

Previous research showed that children with CP"

  • have difficulties in stabilizing their head in space
  • are less able to flexibly adapt trunk posture to the specifics of the condition.
  • generally are able to recruit basic programs of postural muscle activity ('direction specificity'), but have deficits in the fine tuning of muscle activity to the specifics of the condition.

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