Infant Motor Profile

The study

Assessment of motor dysfunction in young children is still in its infancy. This is regrettable as a sensitive, reliable and valid instrument is a prerequisite for monitoring motor development in high risk infants and for early detection of infants with developmental motor disorders. Recently a video-based assessment of motor behaviour of infants aged 3 to 18 months, the Infant Motor Profile (IMP), has been developed. The IMP is based on ideas of the Neuronal Group Selection Theory. Reliability, and construct and concurrent validity are good. The IMPs capacity to predict cerebral palsy is promising.

We currently assess

Research on the Infant Motor Profile (IMP) focuses on
- on further investigation of the predictive properties of the IMP
- creation of norms (IMP-SINDA project)


Mijna Hadders-Algra, MD, PhD
Developmental Neurology, UMCG

Francien Geerds, MSc
De Kinderacademie, Groningen

Kirsten Heineman, MD, PhD

Developmental Neurology, UMCG 

Selma Ruiter, PhD
De Kinderacademie Groningen

Patricia van Iersel, PT, PhD
Developmental Neurology, UCMG

Ying-Chin Wu, PT, PhD
Developmental Neurology, UMCG

Key publications

  • Heineman KR, Hadders-Algra M. Evaluation of neuromotor function in infancy -  a systematic review of available methods. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2008; 29: 315-323.
  • Heineman KR, Bos AF, Hadders-Algra M. The Infant Motor Profile – a standardized and qualitative method to assess motor behaviour in infancy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2008: 50: 275-82.
  • Heineman KR, La Bastide-van Gemert S, Fidler V, Middelburg KJ, Bos AF, Hadders-Algra M. Construct validity of the Infant Motor Profile: relation with prenatal, perinatal and neonatal risk factors. Dev Med Child Neurol 2010, 52:e209-15.
  • Heineman KR, Bos AF, Hadders-Algra M. Infant Motor Profile and cerebral palsy – promising associations. Dev Med Child Neurol 2011; 53 (suppl 4): 40-5.
  • Heineman KR, Middelburg KJ, Bos AF, Eidhof  L, La Bastide-van Gemert S, Van den Heuvel ER, Hadders-Algra M. Reliability and concurrent validity of the Infant Motor Profile. Dev Med Child Neurol 2013;55:539-45
  • Hecker EL, Baer GD, Stark C, Herkenrath P, Hadders-Algra M. Inter-and intrarater reliability of the Infant Motor Profile in 3- to 18-months old infants. Pediatr Phys Ther, 2016; 28: 217-22.
  • Heineman KR, Schendelaar P, Van den Heuvel ER, Hadders-Algra M. Motor development in infancy is related to cognitive function at age 4 years. Dev Med Child Neurol 2018; 60: 1149-55.
  • Boxum AG, la Bastide-van Gemert S, Dijksta L, Furda A, Reinders-Messelink HA, Hadders-Algra M. Postural control during the development of walking in infancy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2019 61: 555-62.


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